Eastern Equine Encephalitis
EEE is a rare disease that is caused by a virus spread by infected mosquitoes. EEE can cause inflammation of the brain (encephalitis.) Most cases of EEE have been reported from Atlantic and Gulf Coast states and the Great Lakes region.
Transmitted to humans by smoe Aedes, Coquillettidia, and Culex species capable of creating a "bridge" between infected birds and uninfected mammals.
It takes 4 to 10 days after the bite of an infected mosquito to develop symptoms of EEE. Severe cases begin with the sudden onset of headache, high fever, chills, and vomiting, followed by disorientation, seizures, and coma.
There is no specific treatment for EEE, and it can be fatal. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses, and no effective anti-viral drugs have been discovered.